Here I leave a mini tutorial on Ubuntu 10.4 installation step by step, without any complication to develop something very functional for beginners in the subject.
Consider the installation process. Make click on the images to enlarge.step 0: Download the Ubuntu CD, burn a CD-rewritable and place it in the CD player. Remember that in the BIOS should indicate that it should boot from the CD.
Step 1: The first screen is to select the language and if they want to try the live CD or directly install ubuntu 10.04. Choose to install.
Step 2: Choose your location, and incidentally shows the time that they have that location.
Choose Location and Time
Step 3: Choose the keyboard layout. I recommend choosing “Spain” because if you choose “Latin America” do not take the ñ.
Choose keyboard layout
Step 4: And here starts the party who complicated at all. Partitioning. It should not complicate much. Up to explain what are the recommended partitions under Linux. Let us examine in more detail … Considerations:
If you have to size partitions and windows are in what is best for you is to use partition magic or the tool they know. re size can also create or delete partitions using a Linux live cd.
The recommended minimum sizes for the partitions of Linux are: 4 GB for the root (/), 2 for HOME (/ home) and the area of trade use are the same as RAM.
The partition types are recommended: ext4 root both to HOME, if your PC is too old to use ext3.
The sizes of the partitions on the images are just an example. They should choose the same values.
If you have a partition with important data that do not want to make sure to unchecked lose the option that says Format
Situation 1: Use entire disk for Ubuntu. This would be the situation easier, you just buy a PC or a PC that you want to clean and remove Microsoft windows to start from 0 with Linux then with this option you solve it quickly. Simply you choose the option Erase entire disk and Use
Erase and use entire disk
Situation 2: Use the entire disk but partitioning it by hand. This option is for if you want to specify a little more which will be the size of the partitions and if you want for example to the HOME partition separately. Simply choose the option Specify partitions manually. Do not listen to the sign that says advanced is not complicated. They appear a window where they can create and delete partitions. To leave the PC with the default schema root, HOME and exchange should leave something like this:
All hand-partitioned disk
Situation 3: Use entire disk for ubuntu but having a separate partition for data. They must go to Specify partitions manually. Create classic partitions (root, HOME and exchange) and then they click on the partition you want to use for important data and click on Change there will appear a window where you must choose a mount point for that partition. Although not entirely necessary if recommended because that’s more comfortable then access that partition. For example, I put my “important” and should be put before the slash (/). If that partition was already created then must use the same file system that came in use. And if the newly created then I recommend using ext4 system.
Define mount point
After that, the snapshot of your partitions should ever get more or less like this:
Data Partitioning with partition
Situation 4: I have windows but I want to get and install Ubuntu. Well basically just need to do the same steps as in the situation 1 or situation 2.
Situation 5: Installing Ubuntu along with Windows. In this case first re size the windows partition to make room for Ubuntu. Then when they get to the partitioning choose Specify partitions manually. There they find something like the image below. A sda1 partition type is FAT32 or NTFS which has windows and an open space below.
Photo of a system with windows
All you have to do is create partitions recommended for Linux in that space. So it is something like (again not to use the same sizes are just an example):
Windows with Linux
Situation 6: I have windows + ubuntu + a partition with data. This must be the most classic of the stage. If you read the above situations should already know how to get this. First make room for Ubuntu, and then create partitions for Ubuntu recommended. More or less should have something like this (you can change the order):
Stock Data + Windows + Ubuntu
As in the situation 3 we give a mount point to that partition to make it easier to access it from Linux. For example they can call ‘/ data …
I have explained most of the situations that may occur. After they have finished with the issue of partitioning they click Next.
Step 5: Place your name. Your nickname, user-name, pass for that user (which will also be the root of the pass) and a name for your PC. This step does not need explanation right?
Step 6: Ready to install! Is a summary of your choices, the partitions will be formatted, and so on. Just click on Install and wait for the end
Step 7: Remove the CD in the BIOS tells you to restart from the hard drive. And enjoy! That is the whole process to install Ubuntu 10.04.