Definition of Wifi.
Definition of Wifi
Wi-Fi is brief for Wireless Fidelity, that features a customary set of terms that are used for Wireless native Networks (Wireless native space Networks – WLAN) primarily based on IEEE 802.11 specification. the most recent customary specifications of 802.11a or b, like 802.11 g, is currently in preparation, the new specification offers several enhancements starting from wide coverage farther up the speed of transfer.
Wi-Fi was originally meant for the employment of wireless devices and native space Network (LAN), however currently additional widely used for accessing the net. this enables anyone with a laptop with a wireless card (wireless card) or personal digital assistant (PDA) to attach to the net using an access purpose (otherwise called hotspots) nearby.
Wi-Fi is intended primarily based on the IEEE 802.11 specification. nowadays there are four variations of the 802.11, namely:
B Specification is that the initial Wi-Fi. Variation of g and n is one product that has the foremost sales in 2005. Specifications Wi-Fi Specifications Speed Frequency Band Matches with
802.11b eleven Mb / s ~ a pair of.4 GHz b
802.11a fifty four Mb / s ~ five GHz a
802.11g fifty four Mb / s ~ a pair of.4 GHz b, g
802.11n one hundred Mb / s ~ a pair of.4 GHz b, g, n
In several components of the planet, the frequencies utilized by Wi-Fi, users aren’t needed to get permission from native regulators (eg, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission). 802.11a uses a better frequency and thus its vary is narrower, more equal. Wi-Fi version of the foremost intensive within the U.S. market nowadays (based in IEEE 802.11b / g) operates at 2400 MHz to 2483.50 MHz. With thus permits operation in eleven channels (each five MHz), targeted on the subsequent frequencies:
* Channel one to a pair of.412 MHz;
* Channel a pair of to a pair of.417 MHz;
* Channel three to a pair of.422 MHz;
* Channel four to a pair of.427 MHz;
* Channel five to a pair of.432 MHz;
* Channel vi to a pair of.437 MHz;
* Channel seven to a pair of.442 MHz;
* Channel eight to a pair of.447 MHz;
* Channel nine to a pair of.452 MHz;
* Channel ten to a pair of.457 MHz;
* Channel eleven to a pair of.462 MHz
Technically operational, Wi-Fi is one variant of communications and knowledge technology that works on the network and therefore the WLAN (wireless native space network). In alternative words, Wi-Fi could be a certification trademark given to telecommunications equipment makers (internet) functioning on the WLAN network and interoperates capability meets the desired quality.
Internet technology-based Wi-Fi is constructed and developed a bunch of engineers who worked on the us Institute of Electrical and Electronis Engineers (IEEE) technical standards-based devices numbered 802.11b, 802.11a and 802.16. Wi-Fi devices aren’t solely able to work on WLAN networks, however conjointly on the network Wireless Metropolitan space Network (WMAN).
Due to the technical customary 802.11b WLAN devices meant to be used at frequencies of two.4 GHz or commonly referred to as ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical). As for the technical standards 802.11a and 802.16 WMAN destined for the device or conjointly referred to as Wi-Max, who works within the frequency band five GHz.
High public interest – notably among the net community – using Wi-Fi technology as a result of a minimum of 2 factors. First, the convenience of access. this implies that users in one space will access the net simultaneously while not the requirement to bothered with cables.
Consequently, users who need to surf or browse the news and knowledge on the net, merely bringing the PDA (pocket digital assistance) or Wi-Fi enabled laptop into an area where there’s an access purpose or hotspot.
The proliferation of hotspots in places – that is constructed by telecommunications carriers, web service suppliers and even people – triggered a second issue, specifically as a result of construction prices are comparatively cheap or solely around three hundred greenbacks U.S..
Increasing the number of web users primarily based on Wi-Fi technology is increasingly implicated in varied components of the planet, has prompted web service suppliers (ISPs) to create hotspots in major cities of the planet.
Some observers have even predicted in 2006, there’ll be concerning 800,000 hotspots within the countries of Europe, 530,000 within the us and a meg within the countries of Asia.
The overall quantity of income derived by the us and European countries of technology-based web business Wi-Fi by the top of 2003 was estimated at five.4 trillion U.S. dollars, a rise of thirty three billion U.S. greenbacks from the year 2002 (www.analysys.com).
Wi-fi hardware on the market currently exists within the form:
* Compact Flash
Access mode Wi-Fi association
There are a pair of modes of Wi-Fi access, which is
Ad-Hoc. This association mode could be a mode where multiple computers are connected directly, or higher called Peer-to-Peer. The advantage, cheaper and additional sensible when connected solely a pair of or three computers, while not having to shop for an access purpose.
Using the Access purpose that is a regulator of the info traffic, permitting many purchasers to attach over a network (network).
Wi-fi Security System
There are many styles of security settings for Wi-Fi, among others:
1. WPA Pre-Shared Key
2. WPA RADIUS
3. WPA2 Pre-Shared Key Mixed
4. RADIUS WPA2 Mixed
Popularity of Wi-fi
In Indonesia alone, the employment of Internet-based Wi-Fi already implicated in many major cities. In Jakarta, as an example, the maniacs who are surfing the net whereas looking forward to the plane start off in an airport lounge, isn’t an alien factor. constant phenomenon seen in several cafes – like Starbucks restaurant and La Moda restaurant in Plaza Indonesia, Senayan occasional Club and restaurant occasional Bean in Cilandak city sq. – where guests will open the net for political news or see the most recent gossip whereas sipping cappuccino artist hot .
Today, phone-based business VoIP (Voice over web Protocol) conjointly has Wi-Fi technology, that forwarded phonephone calls over the WLAN network. These applications are referred to as VoWi-FI (Voice over Wi-Fi). it slow ago, the most recent technical standards created by IEEE has been able to support the operation of video streaming services. Even predicted, are created cards (card) Wi-Fi-based technology which will be inserted into the electronic equipment, starting from digital cameras to video game consoles (ITU News 8/2003).
Based on the higher than description, it will be concluded that the number of users and business Wi-Fi technology is probably going to extend, and economically it positive implications for the economic system of a rustic, as well as Indonesia. Nevertheless, the govt ought to address the phenomenon wisely and thoroughly. as a result of the frequency of technologically path – each a pair of.4 GHz and five GHz – that became operational container technology Wi-Fi isn’t free from limitations.
Because the users in a very new space will benefit of wireless web system is that the optimal, when all the devices employed in that space employing a uniform transmit power is restricted. If the conditions aren’t ignored, it will definitely be harmful interference happens not solely among the net users, however conjointly with the opposite telecommunications systems.
If the interference persists – as a result of users need superior to alternative users, and thus a scarcity of understanding of the constraints of the technology. can ultimately create the frequency band a pair of.4 GHz and five GHz can’t be used optimally.
Another limitation of this second line of wireless frequencies (particularly a pair of.4 GHz) is as a result of it’s conjointly used for ISM (industrial, science and medical). Consequently, the employment of radio communications or alternative telecommunication device that works within the frequency band it ought to be able to settle for interference from ISM devices, as set forth in S5.150 of the Radio rules. within the ITU-R recommendations SM.1056, ISM device characteristics are informed that primarily aims to stop the prevalence of interference, each between the ISM and therefore the telecommunications equipment sharing. constant recommendation affirms that every member absolve to establish necessities ITU administrations and therefore the rule of law about the necessary restrictions. Recognizing the constraints and therefore the potential impact of the employment of each channels of the wireless frequency, completely different countries and impose rules that limit the transmit power of the devices used.